BNB Chain

Time factors

Protocol time
Human readable time
Protocol time
3 seconds
First reward delay
2 days
2 days
Reward frequency
Daily at 00:00 UTC
1 day
Unbonding period
7 days
7 days
  • The protocol does not have a separate definition of time. Changes to staking get reflected every day at 00:00 UTC.


  • There is a 2 day delay for staking rewards to be calculated and distributed to stakers.

Must know before staking

Minimum stake amount
Partial stake changes
Partial reward withdrawals
Offline - 50 BNB
Equivocation - 10,000 BNB
  • Reward payouts occur at the first block after 00:00 UTC.
  • Slashing and penalty apply to the validator’s own stake.

Advanced topics


  • Staking happens on BNB Beacon Chain. BNB Smart Chain is where execution happens. BNB Beacon Chain is where consensus and governance occurs.
  • Reward payouts occur at breathe blocks. The first block after 00:00 UTC is called a breathe block. This is when any staking changes are applied and rewards are distributed.


  • Rewards come from transaction fees. BNB Smart Chain burns 10% of the transaction fees incurred on its chain (see BEP-95 for more on fee burns). The rest is distributed to validators and stakers as rewards.
  • Factors that impact realized rewards.
    • Validator performance. If a validator misses more than 50 blocks in a given day, that validator will not receive any rewards for that day.
    • Commissions.


  • Slashing and penalty apply to the validator’s own stake. Delegators’ stake is not at risk.


Total validator cap
29 (21 active, 8 candidates)
Validator requirements
10,000 BNB


Last modified 8mo ago